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P. Frank Winkler


Former President

Gamaliel Painter Professor Emeritus of Physics

 Research Professor of Astrophysics


O: (802) 443-5426

H: (802) 388-6855

F: (802) 443-2072


Department of Physics

Middlebury College

Middlebury, VT 05753

Research Interests

My research centers around observations of supernova remnants—the remains of exploded stars—from which we can learn a great deal about their progenitor stars and about the surrounding interstellar medium into which they expand.  My colleagues and I carry out observations from large optical telescopes on the ground and in space, and also use instruments for observing in other parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, e.g., NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, and the VLA and ATCA radio telescope arrays.

Honors and Awards

National Merit Scholarship, Caltech 1960-64

DuPont Travel Prize, Caltech 1963

Harvard Graduate Fellowship 1964-65

NSF Graduate Fellowship 1965-69

Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship 1976-80

VASE President   2013 – 2018 (VASE member since 2005)


B.S. California Institute of Technology 1964 (Physics, with Honors)

A.M. Harvard University (Physics) 1965

Ph.D. Harvard University (Physics) 1970

Thesis: "A Precise Determination of the Proton Magnetic Moment" Advisors: D. Kleppner & N.F. Ramsey

Selected Publications

  •  Points, S.D., Long, K.S., Winkler, P.F., & Blair, W.P. 2019, “Kinematics: A Clean Diagnostic for Separating Supernova Remnants from H II Regions in Nearby Galaxies,” Astrophysical Journal, 887:66

  •  Winkler, P.F., Blair, W.P., & Long, K.S. 2017, “A Spectroscopic Study of the Rich Supernova Remnant Population in M83,” Astrophysical Journal, 839:83

  • Soria, R., Long, K. S., Blair, W. P., Godfrey, L., Kuntz, K. D., Lenc, E., Stockdale, C., Winkler, P. F., 2014, “Super-Eddington Mechanical Power of an Accreting Black Hole in M83,” Science, 343, 1330.

  • Winkler, P. Frank, Williams, Brian J., Reynolds, Stephen P., Petre, Robert, Long, Knox S., Katsuda, Satoru, Hwang, Una,, 2014, “A High-resolution X-Ray and Optical Study of SN 1006: Asymmetric Expansion and Small-scale Structure in a Type Ia Supernova Remnant,” Astrophysical Journal, 781:65.

Plus over 100 other research papers in astrophysics

Professional Experience

Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 1969-present

Gamaliel Painter Bicentennial Professor of Physics

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Visiting Scientist, Center for Space Research 1973-74

(on leave from Middlebury) 1978-80

Scientific Consultant, SAS-3 1976

Scientific Consultant, Einstein Observatory 1980-82

Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge University, UK

Senior Visiting Fellow 1985-86

Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Chile

Visiting Resident Scientist 1990-91, 1996-97

Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, Boulder CO

Visiting Fellow 1991

Professional Affiliations

American Astronomical Society

American Physical Society

International Astronomical Union

Council on Undergraduate Research

Sigma Xi

Vermont Academy of Science and Engineering, elected 2005

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